rough


rough
1 /rVf/ adjective
1 NOT SMOOTH having an uneven surface: Her hands were rough from hard work. | A rough track led to the farm. | rough grass
—opposite smooth 1 (1)
2 NOT EXACT not exact or not containing many details approximate: This is just a rough sketch but it gives you the idea. | a rough translation | a rough idea: Could you give me a rough idea what time you'll be home? | at a rough guess spoken (=without being at all certain or exact): At a rough guess, I'd say he was about 45. | a rough estimate: I can only give you a rough estimate of the cost at this stage.
—see graph at idea
3 NOT GENTLE using force or violence: Rugby is a very rough game. | A stroller should be easy to fold and capable of withstanding rough treatment.
4 TOWN/AREA ETC a rough area is a place where there is a lot of violence or crime: a rough part of town
5 HAVING A LOT OF PROBLEMS/DIFFICULTIES (usually before noun) a rough period is one in which you have a lot of problems or difficulties: Don't be too angry with her - she's had a very rough time of it lately. | I've had a really rough day. | go through a rough patch (=experience problems or difficulties) | give sb/sth a rough ride (=a very difficult time): The bill may have gotten through the House but it's in for a rough ride in the Senate.
6 UNFAIR/UNLUCKY unfair or unlucky: it's rough on sb: It's rough on him, losing his job like that. | Two burglaries in one week? That's a bit rough!
7 WEATHER/SEA with strong wind or storms: In the evening we were sick, it was a very rough crossing.
8 NOT COMFORTABLE uncomfortable, with difficult conditions: a rough, pioneering way of life
9 VOICE/SOUND
a) not sounding soft or gentle, and often rather unpleasant or angry: the rough voices of the workmen
b) having an unpleasant sound, especially because there is something wrong with a machine: The clutch sounds rough, better get it checked.
10 SIMPLE/NOT WELL MADE simple and often not very well made: We constructed a rough shelter using whatever materials we could find.
11 feel rough informal to feel ill: I think I'd better go to bed - I'm feeling pretty rough.
12 look rough informal to look untidy, dirty, or unhealthy: We had been travelling for two days, and must have looked pretty rough.
13 rough and ready simple, but just good enough for a particular purpose
14 rough justice punishment that is severe or unfair
15 a rough night a night when you did not sleep well
16 rough stuff spoken violent behaviour
17 a bit of rough BrE humorous someone from a lower social class than you, with whom you have a sexual relationship
18 give sb the rough side of your tongue BrE old-fashioned to speak angrily to someone
— roughness noun (U) —see also: rough diamond, rough paper, roughly 2 noun
1 take the rough with the smooth to accept the bad things in life as well as the good ones
2 (C) a picture drawn very quickly, not showing all the details
3 the rough uneven ground with long grass on a golf course
4 in rough BrE if you write or draw something in rough, you do it without paying attention to details or tidiness: It's best to work in rough first, and then write it out neatly.
—see also: diamond in the rough 3 verb rough it informal to live for a short time in conditions that are not very comfortable: Let's just take the tent - I don't mind roughing it for a bit. rough sth in phrasal verb (T) to add something to a picture, without showing all the exact details: If you look here you can see another angle for the arm roughed in. rough sth out phrasal verb (T) to draw or write something, without showing all the exact details: Iain was peering at a diagram the engineer had roughed out on his notepad. rough sb up phrasal verb (T) informal to attack someone and hurt them by hitting them 4 adverb
1 sleep rough BrE to sleep outside with nothing to protect you from the weather: sleeping rough on the street
2 play rough to play in a fairly violent way
—see also: cut up rough cut 1

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — [ruf] adj. [ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu , to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”] 1. a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]… …   English World dictionary

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus